Frequently Asked Questions: the Scheme
The following FAQs relate to general questions about the tryre industry and tyre recycling as it currently happens in Australia.
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For FAQs on TSA Accreditation please click here.
If you require further information or clarification on any of these points please contact us.
What happens to a tyre when it reaches the end of its life?
Environmentally sound use for an end of life tyre for the purposes of the Tyre Product Stewardship Scheme includes:
(i) recycling into tyre crumb, shred, chips, granules, steel and other tyre components;
(ii) use as a fuel (other than in direct incineration without effective energy recovery and unsustainable burning for energy recovery) or other means to generate energy;
(iii) production of tyre derived products, including tyre derived fuel;
(iv) civil engineering.
The following uses are excluded from the definition of environmentally sound use:
- disposal through dumping, landfill, direct incineration or burning;
- stockpiling as an end point;
- unsustainable burning for energy recovery
- export of baled tyres for operations listed under (v), (vi) and (vii) above.
What are the uses for recycled tyres?
They are used as road surfaces, soft fall surfacing for playgrounds, equestrian arenas, brake pads, industrial and domestic flooring, tile adhesive and sporting surfaces. They can also be used for fuel, engineering projects and drainage aggregates.
One innovative use of crumbed rubber is as diesel fuel substitute in explosive compounds for large volumes in the mining industry.
How many tyres reach end-of-life in Australia annually?
How big is Australia’s stockpile of end-of-life tyres?
How many Australia’s end-of-life tyres are recycled?
How else are tyres disposed of?
Approximately 66 per cent of end-of-life tyres are disposed of as landfill, stockpiled or illegally dumped.
Only 16 per cent of almost 50 million tyres discarded annually in Australia are presently recycled and reused for uses including road surfaces, soft fall playground surfacing, brake pads and industrial and commercial flooring.
What are the factors that determine the fate of end-of-life tyres from Australian sources?
The type of tyre and where it reaches end-of-life; local landfill prices and controls; global commodity prices and demand; and the availability of cost-effective transportation to an end market.
Lack of transparency about sustainable uses and impacts of inappropriate disposal are also factors.
What's the cost to dump an old tyre versus cost to destroy or recycle?
Disposal costs are sometimes incorporated into the price of a new tyre and this is at the discretion of individual retailers.
This charge varies from retailer to retailer and recycler to recycler. Under the Scheme, costs to consumers are likely to become minimised once the Scheme has become successful.
What is the environmental damage caused by end-of-life tyres?
If inappropriately disposed of, end-of-life tyres can pose serious health and environmental hazards. Stockpiles form breeding grounds for disease-carrying rats and mosquitoes.
Fires in tyre stockpiles are almost impossible to extinguish and they release toxic gases and chemicals.
What are tyres made of?
Why aren’t all tyre manufacturers and importers signed up to the Scheme?
How is the Scheme funded?
Leading tyre manufacturers Continental, Goodyear-Dunlop, Michelin, Pirelli, Toyo and Yokohama have financially backed the establishment of the Tyre Product Stewardship Scheme to date.
It will be funded by a levy of 25 cents per EPU on the sales of new tyres sold by participating tyre companies.